There are four main variations in coat, the common variety is the familiar tan/fawn
colour with white spotting (becoming long and grey with indistinct spots in winter) on
the flanks and white rump patch outlined with characteristic black horse-shoe. The Menil
variety is paler, lacks the black bordered rump and keeps its white spots all year. The
black variety is almost entirely black with no white coloration anywhere. Finally, the
white variety can be white to sandy coloured and becomes whiter at adulthood. The fallow
is the only British deer with palmate antlers.
Adult size. Bucks: 84 to 94cm at shoulder, 46 to 94kg. Does: 73 to 91cm at shoulder, 35 to 56kg.
Habitat. Mature broadleaf woodland with under-storey, open conifer- ous woodland, ope agricultural land.
Groups of adult males and females, usually with young, remain apart for most of the year in large woodlands, only coming together to breed. Sexes freely mix in large herds throughout the year in open, agricultural environments.
Peak times of activity are at dawn and dusk. Most hours of the day time are spent "lying up", which is where the deer lies down to ruminate between feeding bouts.